eye care, optometry, cataract, cornea, diabetic retinopathy, laser vision correction, macular degeneration, refractive surgery, retina, retinoschisis, eye research, vision research, LASIK specialist, detachments tears, flashes floaters, cryopexy, proliferative, fundus fluorescein angiography.

Detachments / Tears
Flashes and Floaters
Diabetic Retinopathy
Proliferative Retinopathy
Fundus Fluorescein Angiography
Macular Degeneration

Proliferative retinopathy implies development of abnormal blood vessels on, or in front of the retina which can bleed and cause sudden loss of vision. Laser photocoagulation is aimed at destroying these abnormal vessels directly or it causes them to regress by ablating areas in the retina which are starved of oxygen. The purpose of this treatment is to arrest progress of the changes within the retina. This helps you to retain your existing vision by reducing the risk of vitreous hemorrhage.

Laser photocoagulation will not make you see or feel better. It does not clear up existing hemorrhage. There is a small chance that despite adequate laser treatment the disease process may progress with further visual loss. These eyes can often be helped by vitreous surgery an operation to remove blood from the vitreous cavity. However the chance of visual loss is much less after laser compared to what would happen if laser treatment is not performed. Treatment is done on out - patient basis. Each eye may require one to five treatment sessions. The pupils have to be dilated prior to each session, which usually lasts for about 20 minutes.

After putting anesthetic drops, a contact lens is placed on the eye & laser treatment done. Your waiting period will be roughly 2 hours. If you have diabetes you can bring some snacks with you so that you don't become hypoglycemic. Continue normal diet and usual medication before and after treatment. You may use any form of transport, bathe and watch television or movies. After the treatment drops are prescribed & precautions explained. Glasses are not prescribed at this stage. Next review is usually after six weeks when a complete examination is done & FFA may be repeated. Further laser treatment is given if required.


  1. > Don't bend down.
  2. >Don't lift heavy weights.
  3. >Don't strain at stools.
  4. >Don't do breath - holding exercise.
  5. > Don't take Asprin / Disprin.
  6. > Sleep with head raised with 2 pillows
  7. >Continue medicines for diabetes, hypertension or other systemic ailments.
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